Community Planning: Methods
  • description
  • more detail
Microplanning is a comprehensive action planning procedure for producing development plans for upgrading settlements. Originally designed for use in developing countries, it is based on regular intensive workshops which involve a minimum of preparation, materials and training.

The microplanning procedure involves 8 to 12 community representatives working closely with a small team of experts and facilitators for several days.

A sequence of activities (see second tab) is worked through to arrive at a development plan and work programme.

The process is structured by charts on large sheets of paper which are completed and kept as a record.

The workshops are repeated every year or so to monitor progress and plan the next stages.
Bangaladesh, 1994, Nabeel Hamdi
Structured group working
Structured group working
Participants complete charts on large sheets of paper which are then displayed on the walls.

  • Facilitators must have the confidence of all participants and should participate in a workshop to understand its dynamics before running one themselves.

  • Hold workshops in the community rather than in government offices to make local people feel more in control.

  • Do not treat the chart format as a straitjacket. If the one you planned does not seem to work, revise it as you go along.
  • Costs are minimal apart from organisers' and participants' time.
Sample microplanning process

    processprocess cont.
People needed checklist
  • Community representatives
    Cross-section of local population. 8 ­ 12 people.
  • Logistics officer
    Provides training materials. Government officer.
  • Projects officer
    Responsible for implementing results. Local government officer.
  • Specialists
    Technical experts (eg health, engineering, social development). As many as appropriate.
  • Team facilitator
    Directs procedure. Practitioner or academic.
  • Workshop facilitators
    Conduct small workshop groups (usually 3 needed). Selected from participants.
Thanks: Nabeel Hamdi

Last updated on: 9 August 2008